Mountain Planet

Elbrus Mountain

Located between the Black and the Caspian sea, on the territory of Russian Federation, only 20 km away from the Georgian border. Mount Elbrus is a dormant volcano. The last eruption occured about 2000 years ago. The two summits of Elbrus are in fact two dormant volcanic domes. Everywhere on its slopes you can see debris of solidified lava.
Basic Info
Altitude
Location: Europe, Russia
Known for: The highest point of Europe, one of the 7 summits
Activity type: climbing, trekking, ski tour
5642 m
1050 m
Summits:
West summit (5642m),
East summit (5621m)
Prominence: 4741 m
Duration:
8-11 days
Best Time
Activity level:
Jan
Feb
May
Jun
Jul
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec
Apr
Mar
Technical difficulty:
1
2
3
4
5
Journey cost:
€890-1590
Julne - August are the best months for climbing and trekking since it is warm and the weather is rather stable. April-May is perfect for ski tour.
1
2
3
4
5
1
2
3
4
5
Climbing
Ski tour
Trekking
Details about activity level and required physical condition you will find on specific activity offer page.
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
3
4
0
1
2
3
4
Climbing
Ski tour
Trekking
2
Details about technical elements and techniques required you will find on specific activity offer page.
Routes to сlimb Elbrus

  • South route - the easiest and the most popular one as it is well supported with cable cars which take your kit up for you, and snow machines which speed your ascent on summit morning.
  • North route - more beautiful and less traffic. It is more difficult technically as there are several crevasses in the beginning of the glacier and climbers go in ropes during first 2-3 hours.
  • Traverse - climb up from one side of the mountain and go down the other way, allowing you to combine 2 routes in one go, but it requires additional logistics.
  • Other routes (from West or East) - both are quiet wild with a few people and no infrastructure. For climbing these routes you have to be well experienced, in a great shape and don't expect comfort.

Elbrus Activities

Discover Elbrus

One of the 7 summits

The "Seven Summits" is the name given to highest points of the seven continents of the world. Five of the seven peaks on the list are unambiguous: Everest, Aconcagua, Denali, Kilimanjaro and Vinson. Consensus today is very clearly behind Elbrus and Carstensz as the other two members of this exclusive club, there is some disagreement as to what constitutes the high points of Europe and the Australia/Oceania continent. However Elbrus is considered to be the highest point of European continent and ranked 5 in the list. Over 100 climbers have now done the Seven Summits, and these days it has become a popular trial.

One of the 7 summits

The "Seven Summits" is the name given to highest points of the seven continents of the world. Five of the seven peaks on the list are unambiguous: Everest, Aconcagua, Denali, Kilimanjaro and Vinson. Consensus today is very clearly behind Elbrus and Carstensz as the other two members of this exclusive club, there is some disagreement as to what constitutes the high points of Europe and the Australia/Oceania continent. However Elbrus is considered to be the highest point of European continent and ranked 5 in the list. Over 100 climbers have now done the Seven Summits, and these days it has become a popular trial.


One of the 7 volcanic summits

The Volcanic Seven Summits are the highest volcanoes on each of the seven continents, just as the Seven Summits are the highest peaks on each of the seven continents. Elbrus is a massive twin-summited volcano lying just north of the main crest of the Caucasus Mountains. It is an extinct volcano, having it's last eruption around 50 AD, and it's crater (300-400 meters in diameter) is now filled with ice and snow. The mountain still retains it's gently sloping, conical shape. It is ranked 3 in the Volcanic Seven Summits list.
One of the 7 volcanic summits

The Volcanic Seven Summits are the highest volcanoes on each of the seven continents, just as the Seven Summits are the highest peaks on each of the seven continents. Elbrus is a massive twin-summited volcano lying just north of the main crest of the Caucasus Mountains. It is an extinct volcano, having it's last eruption around 50 AD, and it's crater (300-400 meters in diameter) is now filled with ice and snow. The mountain still retains it's gently sloping, conical shape. It is ranked 3 in the Volcanic Seven Summits list.

Rank 10 in the world's most prominent peaks list

The prominence of a peak is the minimum height of climb to the summit on any route from a higher peak, or from sea level if there is no higher peak. It is a measure of the independence of a summit. For instance, Elbrus' height is 5642 meters, but its prominence is 4741 meters, making it number 10 in the list. While the 2nd world's tallest mountain - K2 has a prominence of 4020 meters (22nd in the prominence list).

Rank 10 in the world's most prominent peaks list

The prominence of a peak is the minimum height of climb to the summit on any route from a higher peak, or from sea level if there is no higher peak. It is a measure of the independence of a summit. For instance, Elbrus' height is 5642 meters, but its prominence is 4741 meters, making it number 10 in the list. While the 2nd world's tallest mountain - K2 has a prominence of 4020 meters (22nd in the prominence list).


Challenging and pushing boundaries

Elbrus climb is long and strenuous but not technically difficult. The biggest danger is the weather which can be particularly nasty on this mountain: quite common extreme cold, sudden storms, fogs. Some clear mornings can turn to white-outs in 1-2 hours. Fogs are very often on Elbrus which is danger for climbers. When you see nothing you don't know in which direction to descend. It is easy to get lost or to fell into a crevasse if there is no experienced guide with you. Even on a day of fine weather, the ascent is exhausting and very challenging. Success will depend a lot on hydration, plenty of good food and rest, good acclimatisation and a lot of willpower.
Challenging and pushing boundaries

Elbrus climb is long and strenuous but not technically difficult. The biggest danger is the weather which can be particularly nasty on this mountain: quite common extreme cold, sudden storms, fogs. Some clear mornings can turn to white-outs in 1-2 hours. Fogs are very often on Elbrus which is danger for climbers. When you see nothing you don't know in which direction to descend. It is easy to get lost or to fell into a crevasse if there is no experienced guide with you. Even on a day of fine weather, the ascent is exhausting and very challenging. Success will depend a lot on hydration, plenty of good food and rest, good acclimatisation and a lot of willpower.

Unique nature and culture of North Caucasus

From dramatic mountain peaks to extraordinary emerald reservoirs, peaceful farmsteads to vibrant vineyards, breathtaking scenery is found at every turn in the Caucasus. Boasting delicious food and some of the friendliest people, the region makes a unforgettable travel destination. You will be blown away by the warm local hospitality and rare natural beauty of the land. Caucasians preserve so many of their traditions, from tightrope walking to craftsmanship, and for this reason the villages are incredibly interesting to explore.


Mysterious mountain with its own secrets

Nazi mystics believed that Elbrus was merged with the legendary mountains as the "Avesta" and the "Vedas", the sacred books of the ancient Aryans – protected entrance to their ancestral home. According to one version this could be a hidden cave somewhere in the Caucasus mountains. In August 1942 elite Alpine division of the Wehrmacht "Edelweiss" was aimed to find it. In 2015, in the vicinity of Elbrus Edelweiss division was discovered buried by an avalanche. Not far from there, in a 78-meter cave in the Khara-Khora, was a small brown carrying case with the Ahnenerbe insignia. It contained a skull and some bones, which have proven to be impossible to identify.
Mysterious mountain with its own secrets

Nazi mystics believed that Elbrus was merged with the legendary mountains as the "Avesta" and the "Vedas", the sacred books of the ancient Aryans – protected entrance to their ancestral home. According to one version this could be a hidden cave somewhere in the Caucasus mountains. In August 1942 elite Alpine division of the Wehrmacht "Edelweiss" was aimed to find it. In 2015, in the vicinity of Elbrus Edelweiss division was discovered buried by an avalanche. Not far from there, in a 78-meter cave in the Khara-Khora, was a small brown carrying case with the Ahnenerbe insignia. It contained a skull and some bones, which have proven to be impossible to identify.

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